Emerging vector-borne diseases in Europe

Both West Nile virus (WNV) and Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) are emerging vector-borne viruses that are transmitted by mosquitoes (the vector) from one infected host to another. They are known to cause West Nile disease and Chikungunya disease respectively in humans.

In light of the increased risk of WNV and CHKV outbreaks in Europe and the increasing notifications of the West Nile disease and Chikungunya fever cases in Europe, it has become imperative to assume a proactive approach to anticipate and deal with threats of mosquito-borne infections, such as WNV and CHIKV at the EU level.